Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 150--153

Common causes of eye enucleation among patients


A Farokhfar, A Ahmadzadeh-Amiri, MR Sheikhrezaee, Mohammad Ali Heidari Gorji, N Agaei 
 Department of Nursing, Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery College, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari 48151, Mazandaran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Ali Heidari Gorji
Department of Nursing, Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery College, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Khazar Street, Sari 48151, Mazandaran
Iran

Background: We investigated the contributing causes and factors leading to eye enucleation procedure among the patients referred to the ophthalmology clinic of the Center Eye Hospital in Tehran, Iran. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of patients referred to the ophthalmology clinic of the Center Eye Hospital in Tehran, Iran, in the past 3 years. The data retrieved were analyzed. Results: A total of 313 patients underwent eye enucleation during the past 3 years. The average age of the patients was 36.7 years (range: 20–44 years). Two hundred and eight patients (66.5%) were males and 105 (33.5%) were females. One hundred and sixty-nine patients had the right eye enucleation while 144 patients had the left eye enucleation. The various procedures included enucleation (83%), evisceration (13.4%), and exantration (3.6%). The factors leading to these procedures included trauma (33.2%), phthisis bulbi (20.7%), tumors (15.7%), and infections (10.5%). Conclusion: In our study population, trauma was the main factor leading to eye enucleation. Hence, measures to increase social awareness and knowledge to reduce trauma cases are necessary as a preventive approach to reduce eye enucleation procedures. Concurrently, ophthalmologists should also pay more attention in early diagnoses and screening of eye health, especially detecting tumor cases such as retinoblastoma and postsurgical care to reduce secondary infections will be effective actions to reduce the overall rate of enucleation.


How to cite this article:
Farokhfar A, Ahmadzadeh-Amiri A, Sheikhrezaee M R, Gorji MA, Agaei N. Common causes of eye enucleation among patients.J Nat Sc Biol Med 2017;8:150-153


How to cite this URL:
Farokhfar A, Ahmadzadeh-Amiri A, Sheikhrezaee M R, Gorji MA, Agaei N. Common causes of eye enucleation among patients. J Nat Sc Biol Med [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Nov 24 ];8:150-153
Available from: http://www.jnsbm.org/article.asp?issn=0976-9668;year=2017;volume=8;issue=2;spage=150;epage=153;aulast=Farokhfar;type=0