Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 144--149

Association of neck circumference and obesity with blood pressure among adolescents in urban and rural population in North Tamil Nadu


Archana Rajagopalan, Nisha Balaji 
 Department of Physiology, Saveetha Medical College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Archana Rajagopalan
Department of Physiology, Saveetha Medical College, Saveetha University, Chennai - 600 077, Tamil Nadu
India

Aim: Since a few studies exist on the association of neck circumference (NC) and obesity with blood pressure (BP) among adolescents in India, we found it highly relevant to measure the NC and body mass index (BMI) using them as indicators of upper body subcutaneous fat and obesity and relate them to BP in a rural and urban adolescent population in North Tamil Nadu. Materials and Methods: This is a community-based cross-sectional study of descriptive design where 500 students from urban and rural areas were selected, and their BMI, NC, and BP were measured using standardized instruments. Results: Among urban and rural population high and normal NC positively correlated with BMI, systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), indicating that the data clearly reflects increase in BMI, SBP, and DBP values with increase in NC or vice versa. The correlation was statistically significant (P < 0.001) significantly higher BMI (P < 0.01), SBP (P < 0.05), and NC (P < 0.001) was observed in urban population than rural. DBP was not significantly different in rural and urban population. 95th percentile values are significantly higher than rest in both urban and rural population. Only the 95th percentile values correlate and reflect similar changes in BMI, SBP, and DBP. Conclusion: Our studies indicate a strong association of elevation in BP with high NC and increase in BMI. Overweight and obesity were positively correlated with increase in SBP and DBP.


How to cite this article:
Rajagopalan A, Balaji N. Association of neck circumference and obesity with blood pressure among adolescents in urban and rural population in North Tamil Nadu.J Nat Sc Biol Med 2017;8:144-149


How to cite this URL:
Rajagopalan A, Balaji N. Association of neck circumference and obesity with blood pressure among adolescents in urban and rural population in North Tamil Nadu. J Nat Sc Biol Med [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Jun 24 ];8:144-149
Available from: http://www.jnsbm.org/article.asp?issn=0976-9668;year=2017;volume=8;issue=2;spage=144;epage=149;aulast=Rajagopalan;type=0