Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57--62

Incidence of metabolic syndrome and its characteristics of patients attending a diabetic outpatient clinic in a tertiary care hospital


Subash V Kumar1, A Nagesh1, M Leena1, G Shravani1, V Chandrasekar2 
1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, MGM Hospital, VCOP, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medicine, NTR University, Kakatiya Medical College/MGM Hospital, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Subash V Kumar
Head Department of Pharmacy Practice, Vaagdevi College of Pharmacy, Hanamkonda, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh
India

Objective: We sought to evaluate the incidence of metabolic syndrome and non-metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetic patients attending the diabetic outpatient clinic at tertiary care hospital, Warangal. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a period of 6 months from January 2011 to June 2011. The study group consisted of 75 type 2 diabetic patients. They were screened for hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and clinical characteristics, and other co-morbidities were recorded. Metabolic syndrome diagnosis was made as per ATP III guidelines. Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was significant in men (54.8%) compared to women (45.2%). Incidence of metabolic syndrome was found to be more in normal weight patients (43.56%). Low high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels were observed in both rural (90.63%) and urban (95.65%) patients with metabolic syndrome, followed by increase in waist circumference. The mean HDL level was found to be 23.77 mg/dl. Patients in the age group 51-60 years were found to be more affected with metabolic syndrome. Sedentary household female patients (58.3%) and illiterates (41.8%) were suffering from metabolic syndrome. Patients with metabolic syndrome had been suffering with diabetes (duration of diabetes) from 1 to 5 years. In summary, this cross-sectional study characterizes the metabolic and non-metabolic syndromes of type 2 diabetes patients living in Telangana regions, using ATP III guidelines, and generates a biological resource that enables further investigation of numerous hypotheses related to genetic exposure of both in a population. Conclusion: These results suggest that higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome was observed in non-obese male patients and was significantly associated with aging. Nevertheless, further studies are required to confirm the metabolic syndrome in larger population.


How to cite this article:
Kumar SV, Nagesh A, Leena M, Shravani G, Chandrasekar V. Incidence of metabolic syndrome and its characteristics of patients attending a diabetic outpatient clinic in a tertiary care hospital.J Nat Sc Biol Med 2013;4:57-62


How to cite this URL:
Kumar SV, Nagesh A, Leena M, Shravani G, Chandrasekar V. Incidence of metabolic syndrome and its characteristics of patients attending a diabetic outpatient clinic in a tertiary care hospital. J Nat Sc Biol Med [serial online] 2013 [cited 2020 Jan 24 ];4:57-62
Available from: http://www.jnsbm.org/article.asp?issn=0976-9668;year=2013;volume=4;issue=1;spage=57;epage=62;aulast=Kumar;type=0