ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 82-86

Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with cleft lip and palate anomaly: 10-year experience from a tertiary care center in the sub-himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh in Northern India


1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, HP Government Dental College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Gunjan Gupta
Department of Plastic Surgery, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla - 171 001, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnsbm.JNSBM_220_17

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Background: There are no descriptive epidemiological data available from the state of Himachal Pradesh, India quantifying the problem of orofacial clefts. The present study aims at providing the baseline data from a tertiary care center in the state, on which future population studies can be conducted. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and epidemiological data of 926 consecutive patients of oral clefts who underwent surgical repair at our institute over a 10-year period (2007–2016). Results: Out of a total of 926 patients, 507 (54.8%) were males and 419 (45.2%) were females with a male to female ratio of 1.2:1. Cleft lip with palate (CLP) was the most common type of orofacial cleft (486; 52.5%). It was more common among males (56.1% vs. 48.2%, P = 0.01) compared to cleft palate which was more common among females (21.5% vs. 32%, P < 0.002). Overall, unilateral clefts were more common than bilateral clefts (504 vs. 179, P < 0.0002), with left side being affected more commonly (324 vs. 180, P < 0.0002). Craniofacial anomalies were the most commonly reported associated defects. Only 231 (24.9%) patients were operated within the infancy period. The average age at the time of lip repair was 2.8 years, while for palatoplasty, it was 6 years. Conclusions: Orofacial clefts showed a male predominance, high unilateral:bilateral and left:right ratios, and CLP as the most common variety. Very few patients with cleft lip and palate underwent surgery at the recommended age. There is a need to strengthen the existing health-care infrastructure and knowledge to improve the scenario.


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