CASE REPORT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 297-299

Dermoscopy negates the need for biopsy in cases of confetti-like leukoderma and exogenous ochronosis


Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Universitas Indonesia/Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Nahla Shihab
Jl. Diponegoro No 71 Salemba, Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta 10430
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnsbm.JNSBM_205_17

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Confetti-like leukoderma and exogenous ochronosis are two of the rarest side effects of a long-term use of hydroquinone (HQ). HQ is the first choice of topical bleaching agents used in the treatment of melasma. Confetti-like leukoderma is characterized as mottled depigmented spots, whereas exogenous ochronosis presents as gray-brown or blue-black hyperpigmentation. Both disorders are especially found in the area where HQ is applied. We report two cases of women with these two rare pigment disorders, who had a history of using HQ for more than 8 years. The dermoscopic examinations show dark-brown globular-like structures on a diffuse fine brown reticular patterns background, multiple guttate depigmented macules, and prominent telangiectasias which are characteristics for melasma, ochronosis, and confetti-like leukoderma. Both patients were advised to stop HQ and treated with sunscreen, 0.05% retinoic acid cream, 2% kojic acid cream, and 20%–35% glycolic acid chemical peel.


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