ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-46

Study of fingerprint patterns to evaluate the role of dermatoglyphics in early detection of bronchial asthma


1 Second Year M.B.B.S. Student, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine and T.B., All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
4 Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prashant Chaware
Department of Anatomy, Fourth Floor, Medical College Building, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Saket Nagar, Bhopal - 462 020, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-9668.175066

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Background: Dermatoglyphics and bronchial asthma (BA) are both influenced by genetic factors. Hence, we assessed the diagnostic potential of correlation between fingerprint pattern and BA. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in out-patient Department of Pulmonary Medicine of All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal. It included 36 patients of BA and 50 nonasthmatic individuals as controls. The following parameters were studied and analyzed: (a) Whorls, (b) arches, (c) radial loops, (d) ulnar loops, (e) the absolute finger ridge count (AFRC), (f) total finger ridge count (TFRC). Results: A significant decrease in the mean value of the arches and increase in the mean value of the ulnar loops were observed in BA patients compared to the control group. The mean values of TFRC, AFRC, and whorls were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Evaluation of dermatoglyphic patterns may be useful in identifying patients prone to developing BA.


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