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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 143-145  

Hybrid approach to fabrication of hollow internally weighted mandibular denture: A case report

Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implantology, Peoples Dental Academy, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication28-Sep-2015

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Puja Hazari
Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implantology, Peoples Dental Academy, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-9668.166123

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Preservation of ridge dimensions is critical for denture success. For long the concept of an internally weighted denture, which suggested that gravity and the additional weight to the mandibular complete denture aids in prosthetic retention is widely accepted. However, excessive weight and pressure can accelerate bone resorption. Here, we describe a unique modification of internally weighted metal denture base for the resorbed mandibular ridge with an incorporated additional hollow section over the anterior knife-edge ridge. The weight provided retention and stability while the hollow portion prevented further resorption of the bone.

Keywords: Internally weighted, rehabilitation, residual alveolar ridge, resorption

How to cite this article:
Hazari P, Mishra SK. Hybrid approach to fabrication of hollow internally weighted mandibular denture: A case report. J Nat Sc Biol Med 2015;6, Suppl S1:143-5

How to cite this URL:
Hazari P, Mishra SK. Hybrid approach to fabrication of hollow internally weighted mandibular denture: A case report. J Nat Sc Biol Med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Aug 15];6, Suppl S1:143-5. Available from:

   Introduction Top

The stability and retention of mandibular denture are difficult due to extreme resorption and reduced denture bearing area. Although weighted denture contributes to retention and stability, [1] decreasing the lower denture weight prevents leverages, resorption and overtaxing of the remaining supporting structures. [2],[3],[4] Here we described an innovative technique to fabricate a hybrid prosthesis for resorbed mandibular ridge with the anterior knife edge section.

   Review of Literature Top

The weighted denture should have the same weight as the missing tissue for optimal clinical outcomes, closest possible adaptation, resistance to lateral deformation, less breakage, and minimal tissue changes. Moreover, a metal base helps prevents bacterial fermentation due to its less porosity and better thermal conduction. Most lower dentures weigh less than half as much as the teeth and supporting tissues lost to promote prosthetic retention. [1] However several studies [Table 1] recommended addition of extra weight and added pressure for residual ridge resorption (RRR). [4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11] We described here a case wherein we adopted a blended approach to achieve the optimal prosthodontics outcome.
Table 1: Studies concluding that weight and pressure on the ridge causes RRR

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   Case Report Top

A male patient, 66 years of age, visited the Department of Prosthodontics, with the chief complaint of difficulty in mastication. On intraoral examination, the patient presented with a mandibular anteriorly high knife-edge ridge and a resorbed posterior section [Figure 1]. No history of any systemic illness and medications was reported. Following radiographic and clinical investigations a modification in the internally weighted denture was planned to relieve the ridge crest of pressure. Further the region above the anterior knife edge was planned to be made segmentally hollow to relieve it of the pressure and hence prevent the resorption while increasing the retention of the prosthesis. The ethical clearance committee of the institute approved the study, and a written consent was obtained from the patient after explaining the entire treatment plan.
Figure 1: Intra oral view of anterior knife-edge ridge with posterior resorbed section

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Primary impressions were made in impression compound (Rolex impression composition, Ashoo Sons, Delhi, India). Border molding was performed with low fusing impression compound (Dental products of India [DPI], The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Ltd, Mumbai, India) and final impression was made with zinc oxide eugenol impression paste (DPI, The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Ltd, Mumbai, India) and the impression was poured in type III dental stone (Gyprock, Rajkot, Gujarat, India).

The final cast was duplicated. On the duplicated cast two sheets of modeling wax were adopted on the residual alveolar ridge (Rolex, Ashoo Sons, New Delhi, India). One sheet was then cut and removed from the area, which the metal casting would occupy, leaving the anterior part of the ridge so that the thin knife-edge ridge was relieved. This assembly was then duplicated, and a refractory cast was obtained. On the refractory cast, a spacer wax was adopted in the prepared slot for casting and retentive finger-like extensions for acrylic were incorporated. Once the casted metal framework was prepared, it was readapted over the master cast [Figure 2]. Next a permanent record base incorporating the metal framework was fabricated (Trevalon-HI, Dentsply, Germany).The occlusal vertical dimension and the centric relation of the patient were determined with the help of tissue conditioners (GC, Coe-Comfort Professional, GC America Inc.,) neutral zone was recorded [Figure 3]. Teeth arrangement was done in balanced occlusion and try in was done. The mandibular trial denture was duplicated in type three gypsum product and a thermoplastic sheet was adapted over the external surface. This thermoplastic template was letter used to verify the extent of the hollow segment.
Figure 2: Modified metal casting to relieve anterior ridge of pressure

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Figure 3: Neutral zone recording using tissue conditioner

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In order to make the hollow section over the anterior knife edge area, a roll of modeling wax was adapted over the sharp ridge after dewaxing. Autopolymerizing acrylic resin (DPI-RR Cold Cure, Mumbai, India) in dough consistency was adapted over the wax roll. Once the acrylic resin was cured, the wax roll was then removed by flushing hot water into the tunnel created by autopolymerizing resin [Figure 4]. The thermoplastic template was used to verify the extent of the hollow segment. The hollow segment was within the confines of the template with sufficient space for heat-cure acrylic resin. The two open ends of the tunnel were closed using autopolymerizing acrylic resin. Dentures were processed with high impact heat-polymerized acrylic resin (Trevalon-HI, Dentsply, Germany). The prosthesis was retrieved and polished for the denture insertion.
Figure 4: Weighted metal denture base with hollow anterior segment

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   Discussion Top

Several studies have reported that the lower ridge is more likely to respond to the various functional forces transmitted through the dentures. [5] Constant pressure is one of the major cause for RRR. [8] Long-term complete denture wearing with impaired retention and stability further exacerbates anterior mandibular ridge resorption. [5] The functional parameters of force such as frequency, intensity, duration, and direction are transformed into cell activity with stresses which deviate from the normal particularly excessive compressive forces bringing about RRR, which may be because of gravitational reasons. This stress causes an area of complete osteolysis and formation of fibrous tissue on the external surface of the knife edge residual ridge. [6],[10],[12] Hence for this case we preferred a modification of the lower denture. The metal insert was given only in the posterior region of the residual ridges, which had provided the necessary retention by the action of gravity and also reduce the weight of the denture. The hollow section given over the anterior knife-edge ridge prevented overloading of the mucosa and bone, thus preventing the bone resorption in the anterior region.

   Conclusion Top

For simultaneously aiding retention preventing the important residual ridge from resorption, modified prosthesis presented in this case report was found to be an optimal alternative. In cases such as anterior knife-edge ridges, diabetic patients, were alveolar ridge is more prone to resorption, these dentures may provide good results. These dentures can also be successfully adopted in cases where processing and lateral deformations are anticipated and in patients with neuromuscular disorders since the metal incorporated provides the needed rigidity and strength. This hybrid denture successfully combined the advantages of two concepts eliminating the disadvantages of both.

   References Top

Grunewald AH. Gold base lower dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1964;14:432-41.  Back to cited text no. 1
Carlsson GE. Responses of jawbone to pressure. Gerodontology 2004;21:65-70.  Back to cited text no. 2
Atwood DA. Some clinical factors related to rate of resorptionof residual ridges. J Prosthet Dent 1962;12:441-50.  Back to cited text no. 3
Nakashima K, Sato T, Hara T, Minagi S. An experimental study on histopathological changes in the tissue covered with denture base without occlusal pressure. J Oral Rehabil 1994;21:263-72.  Back to cited text no. 4
Tallgren A. The continuing reduction of the residual alveolar ridges in complete denture wearers: A mixed-longitudinal study covering 25 years. J Prosthet Dent 1972;27:120-32.  Back to cited text no. 5
Yung SK. Internal and external changes in the edentulous mandible. J Korean Acad Prosthodont 1975;13:27-33.  Back to cited text no. 6
Xie Q, Närhi TO, Nevalainen JM, Wolf J, Ainamo A. Oral status and prosthetic factors related to residual ridge resorption in elderly subjects. Acta Odontol Scand 1997;55:306-13.  Back to cited text no. 7
Kingsmill VJ. Post-extraction remodeling of the adult mandible. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 1999;10:384-404.  Back to cited text no. 8
Ohkubo C, Hosoi T. Effect of weight change of mandibular complete dentures on chewing and stability: A pilot study. J Prosthet Dent 1999;82:636-42.  Back to cited text no. 9
Zmyslowska E, Ledzion S, Jedrzejewski K. Factors affecting mandibular residual ridge resorption in edentulous patients: A preliminary report. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007;66:346-52.  Back to cited text no. 10
Jagadeesh MS, Patil RA. Clinical evaluation of mandibular ridge height in relation to aging and length of edentulism. IOSR J Dent Med Sci 2013;3:44-7.  Back to cited text no. 11
Campbell RL. A comparative study of the resorption of the alveolar ridges in denture-wearers and non-denture-wearers. J Am Dent Assoc 1960;60:143-53.  Back to cited text no. 12


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]

  [Table 1]


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