REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-20

Acute respiratory infections among under-5 children in India: A situational analysis


1 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India
2 Dept of Community medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry 605 009
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-9668.127275

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Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the leading cause of death among children less than 5 years in India. Emergence of newer pathogenic organisms, reemergence of disease previously controlled, wide spread antibiotic resistance, and suboptimal immunization coverage even after many innovative efforts are major factors responsible for high incidence of ARI. Drastic reduction in the burden of ARI by low-cost interventions such as hand washing, breast feeding, availability of rapid and feasible array of diagnostics, and introduction of pentavalent vaccine under National Immunization Schedule which are ongoing are necessary for reduction of ARI.


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